Origin:
  • Britiain decided to create it since they felt the need to create a dependent regime to bring stability to the regions East of the Jordan River.
  • Amir Abdallah became leader, but the land itself was underdeveloped and basically sparsely populated desert.
  • Because the indigenous tribesmen were wanderers who constantly embarked on raids into nearby countries, now owned by the Anglo-French. It was because of this factor that Abdullah was named leader.

Politics:
  • The Transjordan Constitution was created in 1928 although it played a minimal role in their society and everyday life.
  • This Constitution created a very small legislative branch that was entirely subordinate to King Abdullah, so as a result he ruled in a monarchical manner rather than follow the constitutional monarchy origionally planned.
  • Throughout the interwar period, no political parties were formed.
  • Abdullah became intent on spreading his influence.
  • He tried to become a mediator between the Zionists and the Palestinians but he tended to favor the Zionists.
  • Because of this, and his allegience to Britain, Arab nations tended to stay away from him.

Military:

  • Since Transjordan was intended to bring stability to the area, a large emphasis was put on the military capabilities of the country.
o The Arab Legion patrolled the frontiers, while an internal security force equipped with armored cars, and planes patrolled the desert stopping the majority of tribal raids across the border.
  • Maintained his allegiance and sided with Britain and the allies in WWII and provided valuable help in the middle east campaign.


Works Cited:
---Cleveland, William L. A History of the Modern Middle East. Boulder: Westview, 2004

Created by Matthew Gibbs