-The Spanish Civil War was based on many different divisive class differences and issues
-The two sides were known as the Republicans and the Nationalists.

Republicans
-leftist
-urban workers
-textile industry
-anti-clerical
-communists
-anarchists

Nationalists
-poor farmers
-elite land owners
-military officers
-strongly religious (Catholic)
-some Fascists
-monarchists

Divisive Issues:
-Anti-Clericalism
-Role of Military in Society and Politics
-Geography (urban vs. rural)
-Age
-Gender/Roles of Women
-Public Behavior
-Unstable Monarchy
-Education

Vocabulary:
-Popular Action Party: see Nationalists
-Popular Front Party: see Republicans
-Bombing of Guernica: the most notable single incident of the war. On April 26, 1937, the town was bombed by the Germans for three hours, resulting in horrible casualties and destruction of property.
-Non-Intervention Policy: Policy taken by Britain, France, and many other European nations during the war. It imposed a ban on supplies, but individual citizens were allowed to volunteer to fight.
-"Falange" Party: joint party of the Spanish Fascist Party and the JONS (which favored strong central government, nationalist foreign policy, and the dissolution of the Communist party). It was one of many small right-wing groups. It joined the Nationalists when possible during the war. It wasn't traditionally Fascist, as it was controlled by the Church.