Mao
Ho Chi Minh
Castro
Nasser
Sadat
Mubarak
Stalin
Hitler
Mussolini
Mao
x








Ho Chi Minh
homa
x







Castro
cama
caho
x






Nasser
nama
naho
naca
x





Sadat
sama
saho
saca
sana
x




Mubarak
mbma
mbho
mbca
mbna
mbsa
x



Stalin
stma
stho
stca
stna
stsa
stmb
x


Hitler
hima
hiho
hica
hina
hisa
himb
hist
x

Mussolini
muma
muho
muca
muna
musa
mumb
must
muhi
x
Peron

Peho









The above chart is fully linkable between the various single party state leaders that we'll be studying for our review. You can get to the page for the individual leader or for a comparison of leaders.

Origin and nature of authoritarian and single-party states
· Conditions that produced authoritarian and single-party states
· Emergence of leaders: aims, ideology, support
· Totalitarianism: the aim and the extent to which it was achieved
1. Select two leaders of single-party states, each chosen from a different region, and explain how and why the conditions of their state helped them to rise to power.
2. Analyze the conditions that enabled one left-wing leader to become the ruler of a single-party state.
Establishment of authorities and single party states
· Methods: force, legal
· Form of government, (left- and right-wing) ideology
· Nature, extent and treatment of opposition
1. Analyzing the ideology of (a) one right-wing ruler, and (b) one left wing ruler.
2. Select one leader of a single-party state, and explain why there was opposition to his rule, and why the opposition succeeded or failed.
3. Discuss (a) the ideology of, and (b) the support for, one right wing ruler of a single-party state.
4. Evaluate the methods used by either Peron or Nasser to maintain power. (for our purposes, you will select any two leaders from different regions)
Domestic policies and impact
· Structure and organization of government and administration
· Political, economic, social and religious policies
· Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda
· Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities
1. Compare and contrast the religious policies of Hitler and Peron.
2. In 1952 Kenyatta said, “God said this is our land, land in which we flourish as a people”. In what ways did the people of Kenya (a) benefit, and (b) suffer from Kenyatta’s policies?
3. To what extent were the social and economic policies of one of the following successful: Mao, Nasser, Stalin?
4. Compare and contrast the domestic policies of two of the following: Castro, Kenyatta, Stalin. (for our purposes, you will select any two leaders from different regions)
5. Examine the role of education in one single-party or authoritarian state.
6. In what ways, and to what extent, was propaganda important in the rise and ruler of Hitler?
You’ll need to first select a column you want to answer; you will be working on one of the three main categories of questions. Look at the heading and see which of these seems to interest you most.
After selecting a column, you need to select the two leaders who you want to research. You need to select leaders from different geographic regions, and could really do nicely to also pick leaders from different ideologies (Communism and Democratic socialism on the left vs. Democratic Capitalism and Fascism on the right).
Once you have selected your pair, you’ll want to make sure you are certain what IB wants you to know about this particular area. You’ll want to access on the Moodle “Single Party State Leader Reading” and read the sections that apply to you. Note, PLEASE do not print the entire document since it is 42 pages. Just access it and read the sections that apply to you.
Next you will undertake research. For the leaders you selected, you are going to create a detailed outline for the criterion and how it applies to each, and you’ll synthesize the two, comparing what they have done. For example, you may have selected the second column, “Establishment of authorities and single party states” and elected be working with Mao and Nasser. Your outline will have three roman numerals, and plenty of details under each Roman numeral.
I. Mao
A.
1.
2.
B.
1.
2.
II. Nasser
III. Synthesis of Mao and Nasser
The final product is a detailed outline that you will submit electronically to Mr. Griffin. The strongest student work will then have her/his work posted onto the wiki and we will have a complete look at each of the single party state leaders. Remember, you need to make the work accessible for the rest of the students in class, so the outline needs to be formatted and written in a way that is useful for a wider audience.
Work Dates
· Tuesday 4/19: Work day on Single Party State ruler project, computers available in the Writing lab
· Wednesday 4/20: Work day on Single Party State ruler project, computers available in the CLFF periods 3 and 4 and Paulsen Lab period 6
· Thursday 4/21: Work day on Single Party State ruler project, computers available in the Multimedia lab
· Wednesday 4/27: Work day for the single party state ruler project, periods 3 and 4 in CLFF and period 6 in Multimedia lab.
Due Dates
· Thursday 4/21: Outline for the first leader is due electronically to Mr. Griffin by the end of the school day. (10 points)
· Wednesday 4/27: Outline for the second leader and analysis is due electronically to Mr. Griffin by the end of the school day. (15 points)
· Friday 4/29: Students will write an in class paper 3 based on the outlines they completed. (75 points)




This page is to contain comparisons between the rise to power and methods used to stay in power among the single-party-state leaders studied in IB History.

All
  • Military- All leaders had some connection or history in the military.
    • Stalin:
    • Hitler: Served in the First World War, and achieved the rank of lance corporal. Served for 4 years.
    • Franco: Started his military career young and by the end, through battles in the African colonies, became a general in the Spanish military. This led to him commanding the Spanish nationalists in a military coup against the Republic.
    • Mussolini: Held a short military career in WWI but was injured before a years worth of service. Returned home to work on his news paper and continue his fascist movement.
    • Mao:
    • Nasser: Attended military school and served for a short time during WWII. Used connections there to help in his take over of the Egyptian government.
  • Emphasis on Nationalism- Some leaders worked to unify the people within their country.
    • Hitler: Unify the German people as one race above all other races.
    • Nasser: Pan-Arabism- nationalism through out the Arab World.
    • Franco: Severe Nationalism under his rule. Promotion of only true Spanish heritage and traditions. Suppressed all other cultures. Tried to homogenize Spain.
  • Progress within country - Some leaders used
    • Stalin: Stalin, through 5 year plans and collectivization, modernized Russia dramatically in a short period of time (Not beneficial to the people, but helped to move Russia forward in their backwards country- cost many civilian lives).
    • Nasser: Tried to modernize Egypt through reform, industrialization and social measures.
  • Elimination of Competition
    • Mussolini: Holds general elections but rigged them to insure victory.
    • Franco: Suppressed or controlled all other parties.
    • Stalin: After Lenin died Stalin's main competition for power was gone. Lenin's testament was never published displaying Stalin's faluts and Stalin had Trotsky exiled. No one stood to challenge Stalin for power so he took control of the committee and Russia.