Selected Cleveland Reading PDF Files

If you don't especially enjoy reading online and like to make annotations, the following are extracts from William Cleveland's A History of the Modern Middle East that you can print out.

Chapter 9: "World War I and the End of the Ottoman Order"

Chapter 13: "The Palestine Mandate and the Birth of the State of Israel"

Chapter 15: "The Middle East in the Age of Nasser: The Egyptian Base"

Chapter 17: "Israel and the Palestinians from 1948 to the 1970s"

Chapter 20: "The Iranian Revolution and the Resurgence of Islam"

For notes on these readings click here .