Cleveland Notes Chapter 17 pgs: 349-358

June War transforms PLO into an independent liberation organization,no more bureaucrats.

Al-Fatah- Independent guerrilla organization headed by Arafat, Palestinian liberation above all else. Headed the PLO due to the longevity of its leaders, many had shared experiences

PLO- Umbrella under which a variety of groups existed. Operated schools and medical clinics in refugee camps, managed manufacturing conglomerate in Lebanon, diplomacy to win Palestinian independence. 1974 achieve sole representative organization of the Palestinians.

Palestinian National Charter- Palestine compromise entire mandate of Palestine, religious freedom-> takes away the "Jewishness" of Israel

PFLP&DFLP- 2 groups under PLO challenged Al-Fatah leadership. Leader of PFLP George Habash wanted social revolution in Arab world more than Al-Fatah. DFLP left wing of PLO benefit worker and peasant

Black September- sparked by a plane hijacking, 10 days of carnage no distinction between civilians and commandos, 3000 dead. PLO moves to Lebanon, which worked out really well as evidenced by the Lebanese Civil War

What to do with the West Bank and Gaza- make them Israeli citizens dilute the "Jewishness" of Israel, instead the Israeli government walks the line by retaining military occupation and creating settlement policy to entice Jews to settle in the West Bank.

Likud Party- rises in tandem with the religious settling movement= committed annexation of the territories. Begins a stronger settlement policy, Jewish settlers go from 3200 to 28400.Tried to break the Palestinian spirit by arresting and punishing them
-> Economic approach- link Israeli and territories economies
Conclusion:
"Despite Israel's diplomatic isolation in the Middle East, and despite the stresses, strains, and occasional contradictions within Israeli society itself, the new state managed to forge an identity, construct a stable democratic political system, maintain an effective military capability, and attract the loyalty and participation of its Jewish citizens in the unique enterprise of building a Jewish nation...The emergence of an armed and organized Palestinian resistance movement after 1967 renewed the Palestinians' sense of themselves as a distinct national entity deserving of the same recognition as Israel. Yet at the same time, Palestinian militancy sharpened political divisions among the Arab states upon whose support the resistance movement ultimately depended. Although the leaders of the Arab states expressed support for the Palestinian cause, they were reluctant to offer sanctuary to the commando organizations... Perhaps the principal achievement of the Palestinian resistance was to create a Palestinian consciousness, as a distinctive people entitled to basic human rights, that was too deeply rooted to be eliminated by the brute force of Israeli occupation policies. But it was also noteworthy that in the process of discovering their own feelings of national identity, the Palestinians had awakened the international community to the realization that the Arab-Israeli conflict was, at its core, a matter between the state of Israel and the Palestinian people"