Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev was born in Kalinovka, Russia on April 17, 1894. Nikita Khrushchev was born into a peasant family where his father was a coal miner. After receiving village education Nikita, like his father, worked as a coal miner at the age of 15. In 1918, Nikita Khrushchev joined the Russian Communist Party. Then just a year later Khrushchev joined the Red Army. While being a member of the Red Army Nikita served as a junior political commissioner, which was an official who taught party, policy and principle.
File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruchstschow.jpg
File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruchstschow.jpg


In 1920 Nikita married for the first time, yet little was known about his first wife. They had two children, Leonid (who was killed during World War II) and Yulia. Nikita's first wife died during a famine.

In 1922 Nikita Khrushchev joined a Soviet worker's school in Yuzovka, where he received a secondary education. At the Soviet worker's school he was a student political leader and was appointed secretary of the Communist Party Committee.

But there in Yuzovka Nikita married his second wife, a schoolteacher named Nina Petrovna in 1924. They had a son named Sergei and two daughters named Yelena and Rada.


Throughout 1925 Nikita spent the majority of his time working for the Communist Party Committee in Yuzovka. And though the next four years Nikita was a strong organizer for the Communist Party Committee. But then in 1929 Khrushchev entered an industrial school in Moscow. There Nikita helped complete the Moscow subway.

Throughout his life, Nikita was a strong supporter of Joseph Stalin, who was the Soviet Union's dictator in the late 1920s. In the mid 1930s Nikita carried out Stalin's policy of elimination opposition to his rule. Though 1939-1953 Nikita was a party secretary of the Moscow region. He was also a member of the Politburo, the highest body of the Communist Party.

When Stalin died in 1953 they was a struggle for power in the Soviet Union. Then Nikita Khrushchev was appointed first secretary, the acknowledged head of the Communist Party. This first secretary role made him the most powerful man in the Soviet Union and also was a leader of the world Communist movement.

Nikita Khrushchev received the title of the premier in 1958. He made a new policy called Reform Communism, which emphasized on heavy industry and producing consumer goods. his goal was that the Soviet Union would eventually surpass the United States in industrial and agricultural production.

In 1962, Nikita Khrushchev created one of the tensest episodes of the Cold War and history. Throughout the Cold War the Soviet Union spread their ideology of Communism throughout the world. When the Soviet Union began shipping missiles to Cuba (from there missiles could hit eastern United States within a few minutes) the United States decided to, 'place
a naval 'quarantine,'' or blockade, on Cuba to prevent further Soviet shipments of missiles" [1] on October 22, 1962. For six days the world was preparing for a nuclear holocaust. But then finally on October 28 Nikita Khrushchev and John Kennedy made a deal. The Soviet Union will remove missiles from Cuba and no more missiles will enter Cuba. But the United States committed to never invade Cuba and to secretly remove missile from Turkey that were aimed at the Soviet Union. This crisis was the closest that the world has ever come to a nuclear holocaust.

Then on August 5, 1963 Khrushchev signed the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty which was a, "treaty
signed… by the United States, Soviet Union and the United Kingdom that banned all tests of nuclear weapons except those conducted underground." [2]

Then in 1964 Nikita Khrushchev retired from his position of being the leader of the Soviet Union. For the next seven years Nikita lived quietly in Moscow. Then on September 11, 1971 Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev died in a Moscow hospital, he was denied a state funeral.
[3] [4]
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This is an image of Nikita Khrushchev and Joseph Stalin in 1936. I found this image on Wikipedia.
KN.jpg
This is an image of Nikita Khrushchev and the United States Vice President (at the time) Richard Nixon in 1959. I found this image on Wikipedia.
KK.jpg
This is an image of Nikita Khrushchev and the United States president John Kennedy in Vienna in June of 1961. I found this image on Wikipedia.
KC.jpg
This is an image of Nikita Khrushchev and Cuba's leader Fidel Castro in 1960. I found this image on Wikipedia.


[1] "Cuban missile crisis." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 14 Oct. 2009 <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9028105>.
[2] "Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 14 Oct. 2009 <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9056449>.
[3]"Khrushchev, Nikita." Britannica Elementary Encyclopedia. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 14 Oct. 2009 <http://school.eb.com/all/elementary/article?articleId=353335>.
[4] "Khrushchev, Nikita." Compton's by Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. 14 Oct. 2009 <http://school.eb.com/all/comptons/article-9275264>.