Luigi Facta was the Prime Minister of Italy before the Fascists marched on Rome and Benito Mussolini took power. After Ivance Bonomi's government failed, no one came to power until the King persuaded Facta to become Prime Minister. Facta set of a reconstructed government that turned out to be fragile, and unable to stand up against the Fascists. When the Fascists marched on Rome, Facta was to weak in his orders to defend, and requested the King's permission to resign but the King declined. He then tried to respond by advancing the army, however King Victor Emmanuel III refused to support him. Facta soon resigned which led the way for the Fascists to take power.

¹Wolfson, Robert and Laver, John. Years of Change: European History 1890-1990.
²Encyclopedia Brittanica Online School Edition.