Decline of Weimar and the Rise of Nazism 1929-1932

  1. The Impact of the World Econonomic Crisis on Germany
    1. Germany felt the most pain for lack of loans from America. Reparations triangle collapsed
    2. The balance of trade for Germany was in the red; they were in debt.
    3. It is probably that Germany faced a depression even if the stock market hadn't crash.
      1. Germany's debt
      2. 1.9 million unimployed.
      3. Farming economy was in trouble.
  2. The Human Effects of the Great Depression
    1. Unemployment
      1. Rose above 2 million between 1929 and 1930.
      2. By January of 1932, it was at 6.1 million potential workers.
    2. It crossed class boundaries
      1. Middle class was dragged down as well as the lower class, from doctors to grocers.
      2. Countryside Germans were hurt too. Farming industry declined badly when many farmers were evicted from their homes.
  3. Political Implications
    1. There was a lack of confidence in the government when the republic needed it most.
    2. Chancellor Mueller couldn't respond to the economic woes of Germany with his grand coalitions, so he resigned.
  4. Dawes Plan
    1. Stopped the reparations crisis.
    2. Allowed Germany to pay reparations as it was able to pay.
    3. It was a very temporary fix.
  5. Heinrich Bruening
    1. Marked a crucial step towards the end of real democracy.
      1. He was put into office by Authoritariens close to Hindenburg.
      2. Bruening's response to economic woes led to a constitutional crisis.
    2. Inadvertantly led to the rize of Nazism
      1. Overused Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution
      2. Dissolved parliement twice, both led to massive gains to the Nazi Party.
    3. Tried to run the government with emergency decrees from Article 48; depended too much on Hindenburg (Went from 5 in 1930 to 66 in 1932)
  6. Nazi Breakthrough
    1. People strayed from the middle of the political spectrum to the extreme right with the Nazis.
    2. After the first dissolution of the Reichstag, the Nazis gained 95 seats, from 12 to 107.
    3. After the second dissolution of the Reichstag, the Nazis gained 123 seats, from 107 to 230.
    4. Nazis enticed a new generation of voters to support their cause.
  7. The Death of the Weimar Republic
    1. Anti-Democrach
      1. Business were Authoritarians mostly
      2. High ranking government officials hated the Weimar Reublic
    2. Ongoing Economic Problems
    3. Limited Base of Popular Support