Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) was the fascist dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945. Hitler was born in Austria and served with distinction in the German army during WWI. In 1919 Hitler joined the fascist German Workers Part, by 1921 he was the unquestioned leader of the party, now called the Nazis. In 1923 Hitler spent 9 months in jail after the failed Munich Beer Hall Putsch, while in jail he wrote his manifesto titled Mein Kampf or "My Struggle". Over the next 10 years the Nazi party gained in strength with promises of social reform and a Germany for Germans policy. In 1933 President Hindenburg appointed Hitler chancellor of Germany, where he seized dictatorial powers and began implementing fascist, anti-Semitic, and expansionist policies.
Over the next five years Hitler slowly expanded Germany's borders, de-militarizing the Rhineland and annexing Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia. It wasn't until 1939 with Germany's invasion of Poland that the rest of the world began to oppose Hitler beginning World War Two.
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Adolf Hitler